And yet others believe it is unethical to stifle technology with the potential to save human lives. Cellular agriculture is the emerging field of producing animal products from cell culture, rather than animals. That growth hormone is called bovine somatotropin or BST. For example, female horses have been bred with male donkeys to produce mules, and male horses have been bred with female donkeys to produce hinnies, for use as work animals, for the past 3,000 years. Proteins, including enzymes and hormones, perform many vital functions in organisms. Animal Biotechnology List of Issues Volume 31, Issue 6 2019 Impact Factor. and Will it interact with and affect the success of other animals in the new community? Submit an article. Open access. The journal accepts original research, case reports, review and letters to the editor on the recent updates and outcomes of research on the perspective of the below mentioned topics: Fertilizers and Influence On Plants 9. Under the umbrella of genetic engineering exist other technologies, such as transgenics and cloning, that also are used in animal biotechnology. Animal biotechnology is the use of science and engineering to modify living organisms. Animal biotechnology in use today is based on the science of genetic engineering. Other people are concerned about its impact on small farmers. In January 2008, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the sale of cloned animals and their offspring for food, despite fierce opposition from animal welfare and consumer advocacy groups, environmental organizations, some members of Congress, and many consumers. These enzymes cut the DNA strands of any organism at precise points. Since the early 1980s, transgenic animals have been created with increased growth rates, enhanced lean muscle mass, enhanced resistance to disease or improved use of dietary phosphorous to lessen the environmental impacts of animal manure. As defined in the scopes of the journals Current Research in Biotechnology and Current Opinion in Biotechnology, major themes of biotechnology research include genetic and molecular engineering; tissue, cell, and pathway engineering; plant and animal biotechnology; food biotechnology; energy biotechnology; environmental biotechnology; analytical biotechnology; systems biology; … Current Topics in Biotechnology Edited By C.P. The Journal intends to publish articles of Multidisciplinary nature and developments in different disciplines of Bioscience and Biotechnology. Introduction to Animal Biotechnology. The National Institute of Food and Agriculture is part of the USDA; its site contains information about the science behind animal biotechnology and a glossary of terms. Unfortunately, pig cells and human cells are not immunologically compatible. Those opposed to mandatory labeling say it violates the government’s traditional focus on regulating products, not processes. Biotechnology News. The site contains extensive articles on the ethical and social issues involved in animal biotechnology. View aims and scope Submit your article Guide for authors. Read the latest research from around the world on genetic engineering, drug development and more. According to a survey conducted by the Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology, 58 percent of those polled said they opposed scientific research on the genetic engineering of animals. The hormone is extracted from the bacterium, is purified and is injected into dairy cows, increasing their milk production by 10 to 15 percent. While it has been noted that animals might, in fact, benefit from the use of animal biotechnology — through improved health, for example — the majority of discussion is about the known and unknown potential negative impacts to animal welfare through the process. All rights reserved. The NAS report stated it still needs be proven that the nutritional profile does not change in these foods and that no unintended and potentially harmful expression products appear. Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations, Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine. For each approved product, the FDA also makes available to the public via its website a Freedom of Information Summary that summarizes the information that FDA used to determine that the drug is safe for the treated animals, the animal products (edible tissues such as meat) are safe for humans to eat, and that the product is effective. For reproductive cloning, the embryo is implanted into a uterus of a surrogate female, where it can develop into a live being. One could also find good research topics related to traditional biology subfields like plant and animal biology, ecology (current global problems warrant a number of hot topics), or topics related to humans: neurobiology (and determinants of human behavior), recent discoveries on diseases and the immune system, etc. Current Research in Biotechnology topics covered include "core" biotechnology disciplines such as genetic and molecular engineering; plant and animal biotechnology; food biotechnology; energy biotechnology; environmental biotechnology; and tissue, cell and pathway engineering. Another major application of animal biotechnology is the use of animal organs in humans. 2. Transgenic poultry, swine, goats and cattle that generate large quantities of human proteins in eggs, milk, blood or urine also have been produced, with the goal of using these products as human pharmaceuticals. A Biotechnology Perspective of Animals Diseases. Application of Biotechnology in Animals. Agricultural animals have played a critical role in meeting human nutritional requirements for food and fiber. Specifically, these products fall under the new animal drug provisions of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA). To date, cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, mules, cats, rats and mice have been cloned, beginning with the first cloned animal, a sheep named Dolly, in 1996. Related Journals of Animal biotechnology Currently, the pig is the major animal being considered as a viable organ donor to humans. Some wonder if it is done so companies can increase profits and agricultural production. Administration of Saccharomyces boulardii mafic-1701 improves feed conversion ratio, promotes antioxidant capacity, alleviates intestinal inflammation and modulates gut microbiota in weaned piglets. Animal health related resources, including animal diseases, animal management, and animal health research. Reproductive cloning begins with somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). In this way, scientists could create animals that feel no pain. Yet despite these potential benefits, several areas of concern exist around the use of biotechnology in animals. The Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) is the United Kingdom’s principal funder of basic and strategic biological research. Will focus on responding to disasters and humanitarian crises, defending against biothreats, addressing climate change, and improving human health and performance. And in a Gallup poll conducted in May 2004, 64 percent of Americans polled said they thought it was morally wrong to clone animals. Latest Research in the Biotechnology and Topics for Dissertation. View Animal biotechnology Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. The host organism often is a rapidly multiplying microorganism such as a harmless bacterium, which serves as a factory where the recombined DNA can be duplicated in large quantities. Before animal biotechnology will be used widely by animal agriculture production systems, additional research will be needed to determine if the benefits of animal biotechnology outweigh these potential risks. The Prevention Measures in Plant Pathology 7. Current Research in Biotechnology. USDA plays a vital role in facilitating scientific discoveries and technological innovation to ensure the availability of a safe, nutritious, and abundant food supply. These potential harms include the alteration of the ecologic balance regarding feed sources and predators, the introduction of transgenic animals that alter the health of existing animal populations and the disruption of reproduction patterns and their success. Funded by a grant from the Pew Charitable Trusts to the University of Richmond, it advocates neither for nor against agricultural biotechnology. Examples of animal biotechnology include creating transgenic animals (animals with one or more genes introduced by human intervention), using gene knock out technology to make animals with a specific inactivated gene and producing nearly identical animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer (or cloning). Lincoln Laboratory establishes Biotechnology and Human Systems Division . A specific example of these particular applications of animal biotechnology is the transfer of the growth hormone gene of rainbow trout directly into carp eggs. Whether products generated from genetically engineered animals should be labeled is yet another controversy surrounding animal biotechnology. Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers. In effect, God has created a perfect, natural order, they say, and it is sinful to try to improve that order by manipulating the basic ingredient of all life, DNA. Of the transgenic animals that do survive, many do not express the inserted gene properly, often resulting in anatomical, physiological or behavioral abnormalities. A transgenic animal is created once the second organism incorporates the new DNA into its own genetic material. Individual genes direct an animal’s characteristics through the production of proteins. Citation search. Such religious requirements raise basic questions about the identity of animals and their genetic makeup. Animals are used in many ways in biotechnology. Click the links below to learn more about issues in animal science and agriculture: Antibiotic use in livestock production Welfare concerns for animal housing The biotechnology research company of China- ‘China National Biotec Group’ has developed convalescent plasma to treat the patients who are infected with the COVID-19 (novel corona virus). The goal is to make products, to improve animals and to develop microorganisms for specific agricultural uses. If, for example, a small amount of genetic material from a fish is introduced into a melon (in order to allow it grow to in lower temperatures), does that melon become “fishy” in any meaningful sense? Disagreement exists as to whether it is ethical to change an animal’s telos through transgenesis. According to a survey conducted by the Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology, 58 percent of those polled said they opposed scientific research on the genetic engineering of animals. Some would argue all organisms share common genetic material, so the melon would not contain any of the fish’s identity. Strict opponents think there is something fundamentally immoral about the processes of transgenics and cloning. Transgenic animals can pose problems for some religious groups. Improve an animal ’ s characteristics through the patent system others question the use of an agency that designed... 31, Issue 6 2019 impact Factor public is uncomfortable with genetic to. 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